The Word "the", being interlined between the seventh and eight Lines of the first Page, The Word "Thirty" being partly written on an Erazure in the fifteenth Line of the first Page.
The Continental Congress, which still functioned at irregular intervals, passed a resolution on September 13,to put the new Constitution into operation with the eleven states that had then ratified it.
The President shall be Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, and of the Militia of the several States, when called into the actual Service of the United States; he may require the Opinion, in writing, of the principal Officer in each of the executive Departments, upon any Subject relating to the Duties of their respective Offices, and he shall have Power to grant Reprieves and Pardons for Offences against the United States, except in Cases of Impeachment.
The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, chosen by the Legislature thereof, 3 for six Years; and each Senator shall have one Vote. Signing the ConstitutionSeptember 17, On the appointed day, May 14,only the Virginia and Pennsylvania delegations were present, and so the convention's opening meeting was postponed for lack of a quorum.
No State shall, without the Consent of the Congress, lay any Imposts or Duties on Imports or Exports, except what may be absolutely necessary for executing it's inspection Laws: To constitute Tribunals inferior to the supreme Court; If any Bill shall not be returned by the President within ten Days Sundays excepted after it shall have been presented to him, the Same shall be a Law, in like Manner as if he had signed it, unless the Congress by their Adjournment prevent its Return, in which Case it shall not be a Law.
When vacancies happen in the Representation from any State, the Executive Authority thereof shall issue Writs of Election to fill such Vacancies.
This Constitution, and the Laws of the United States which shall be made in Pursuance thereof; and all Treaties made, or which shall be made, under the Authority of the United States, shall be the supreme Law of the Land; and the Judges in every State shall be bound thereby, any Thing in the Constitution or Laws of any State to the Contrary notwithstanding.
John JaySamuel Adams and John Hancock were also absent from the convention. On September 17, George Washington was the first to sign the document. Rhode Island, the last holdout of the original 13 states, finally ratified the Constitution on May 29, All Bills for raising Revenue shall originate in the House of Representatives; but the Senate may propose or concur with Amendments as on other Bills.
HamiltonMadisonand Jayunder the name of Publiuswrote a series of commentaries, now known as The Federalist Papersin support of ratification in the state of New Yorkat that time a hotbed of anti-Federalism. To provide for calling forth the Militia to execute the Laws of the Union, suppress Insurrections and repel Invasions; To exercise exclusive Legislation in all Cases whatsoever, over such District not exceeding ten Miles square as may, by Cession of particular States, and the Acceptance of Congress, become the Seat of the Government of the United States, and to exercise like Authority over all Places purchased by the Consent of the Legislature of the State in which the Same shall be, for the Erection of Forts, MagazinesArsenals, dock-Yards, and other needful Buildings;—And This position reflected the belief that the states were independent entities and, as they entered the United States of America freely and individually, remained so.
House of Representatives, introduced 19 amendments to the Constitution. The Constitution was thus narrowly ratified in Massachusetts, followed by Maryland and South Carolina.
The Senators and Representatives shall receive a Compensation for their Services, to be ascertained by Law, and paid out of the Treasury of the United States.
The Virginia Plan also known as the Large State Plan or the Randolph Plan proposed that the legislative department of the national government be composed of a Bicameral Congress, with both chambers elected with apportionment according to population.
The Congress may determine the Time of chusing the Electors, and the Day on which they shall give their Votes; which Day shall be the same throughout the United States. The Senators and Representatives before mentioned, and the Members of the several State Legislatures, and all executive and judicial Officers, both of the United States and of the several States, shall be bound by Oath or Affirmation, to support this Constitution; but no religious Test shall ever be required as a Qualification to any Office or public Trust under the United States.
The issue was resolved by the Connecticut Compromise, which proposed a bicameral legislature with proportional representation of the states in the lower house House of Representatives and equal representation in the upper house Senate.
After several days of debate, Congress voted to transmit the document to the thirteen states for ratification according to the process outlined in its Article VII. No Preference shall be given by any Regulation of Commerce or Revenue to the Ports of one State over those of another: Each state legislature was to call elections for a "Federal Convention" to ratify the new Constitution, rather than consider ratification itself; a departure from the constitutional practice of the time, designed to expand the franchise in order to more clearly embrace "the people".
The Times, Places and Manner of holding Elections for Senators and Representatives, shall be prescribed in each State by the Legislature thereof; but the Congress may at any time by Law make or alter such Regulations, except as to the Places of chusing Senators. Each House shall be the Judge of the Elections, Returns and Qualifications of its own Members, and a Majority of each shall constitute a Quorum to do Business; but a smaller Number may adjourn from day to day, and may be authorized to compel the Attendance of absent Members, in such Manner, and under such Penalties as each House may provide.
And the Congress may by general Laws prescribe the Manner in which such Acts, Records and Proceedings shall be proved, and the Effect thereof. The Judges, both of the supreme and inferior Courts, shall hold their Offices during good Behaviourand shall, at stated Times, receive for their Services, a Compensation, which shall not be diminished during their Continuance in Office.
Ten of these amendments, known collectively as the Bill of Rightswere ratified and became part of the Constitution on December 10, Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States which may be included within this Union, according to their respective Numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole Number of free Persons, including those bound to Service for a Term of Years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other Persons.
No Capitationor other direct, Tax shall be laid, unless in Proportion to the Census or Enumeration herein before directed to be taken.
No State shall, without the Consent of Congress, lay any Duty of Tonnagekeep Troops, or Ships of War in time of Peace, enter into any Agreement or Compact with another State, or with a foreign Power, or engage in War, unless actually invaded, or in such imminent Danger as will not admit of delay.
The Migration or Importation of such Persons as any of the States now existing shall think proper to admit, shall not be prohibited by the Congress prior to the Year one thousand eight hundred and eightbut a Tax or duty may be imposed on such Importation, not exceeding ten dollars for each Person.
Of the thirty-nine signers, Benjamin Franklin summed up, addressing the Convention: They proceeded at once to New York, where Congress was in session, to placate the expected opposition. And they shall make a List of all the Persons voted for, and of the Number of Votes for each; which List they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the Seat of the Government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate.
The President of the Senate shall, in the Presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the Certificates, and the Votes shall then be counted. On June 21,the constitution had been ratified by the minimum of nine states required under Article VII.
A system of checks and balances was put into place so that no single branch would have too much authority.
The Constitution of the United States The Bill of Rights & All Amendments A highly accessible, easy to use online version full text transcript including the Bill of Rights and the rest of the Amendments with both sequential and subject indexes.
The Constitution of the United States of America (see explanation)Preamble ["We the people"] (see explanation) Article I [The Legislative Branch] (see explanation).
The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the United States. The Constitution, originally comprising seven articles, delineates the national frame of sgtraslochi.com first three articles embody the doctrine of the separation of powers, whereby the federal government is divided into three branches: the legislative, consisting of the bicameral Congress; the executive, consisting of the.
Defending the Union from Threats Foreign and Domestic. The Constitution of United States of America sgtraslochi.com The Constitution of the United States of America is the supreme law of the United States.
Empowered with the sovereign authority of the people by the framers and the consent of the legislatures of. May 30, · Watch video · The Constitution of the United States established America’s national government and fundamental laws, and guaranteed certain basic rights for its citizens.