Geographical impact on latin america s history

The Nahuas had structures perhaps more similar to those of the Spaniards than any other indigenous group, and nowhere else was there such massive interaction of Spanish and indigenous populations, but broadly similar processes were at work across the central areas.

Governmental and ecclesiastical hierarchies were as urban-oriented as all other aspects of Spanish society; they were based in the cities, above all the largest cities, where one could find not only the largest concentrations of personnel but all those of high rank.

The endemic political instability and the nature of the economy resulted in the emergence of caudillosmilitary chiefs whose hold on power depended on their military skill and ability to dispense patronage.

Thus indigenous labour obligations, channeled first through the encomienda and later through other arrangements, could supply a large stream of temporary workers.

History of Latin America

Independence from Spain and Portugal caused the breakdown of traditional commercial networks, which had been dominated by transatlantic trading houses based in Spain. Intellectual production began to include not only narrow chronicles but also broad surveys of the entire Spanish-American scene, whether religious, legal, or general in focus.

Map of disputed territories in Latin America For the next few decades there was a long process to create a sense of nationality. The more important conflicts were the Paraguayan War —70; also known as the War of the Triple Alliance and the War of the Pacific — Here too the encomenderos were the greatest investors and mine owners in the beginning, but their dominance was short-lived.

In the Andean region, no system of writing developed, but record keeping was accomplished with the use of the quipuknots that could record information.

They offered Europeans less incentive to invade and more effective resistance when they did. The slaves were always, as in this case, employed far from their place and culture of origin. These black Latin Americans are mainly the descendants of Africans who were enslaved and transported to the region to work on sugar-cane plantations.

Men often married quite late, whereas women, for whom the possibilities of advance were severely limited, tended to marry earlier. On the Spanish side, the institution grew out of the Reconquest tradition.

While people will work very hard there to survive, they are not so motivated to work to get rich - time spent with family is more important to them.

The ecclesiastics, as they came in, began to write similar documents about their own activities, but they also went much further. The women were frequently mistresses of their owners, to whom they bore mulatto children, with the result that mother and children were sometimes freed.

The new nations inherited the cultural diversity of the colonial era and strived to create a new identity based around the shared European Spanish or Portuguese language and culture. The Andes are home to the pan-pipes, while Cuban music is a wonderful fusion of African and Hispanic elements.

The vast majority of the population of Latin America are Roman Catholic, a fact which distinguishes them from English-speaking America.

History of Latin America

People in Latin America have a lot more of what the French call ' joie de vivre'. In the Iberian tradition, families were multilinear and existed at different levels. The Portuguese, on the other hand, partly because of Italian influence and partly because of their own geographic situation, had gone over thoroughly to the commercial-maritime tradition, emphasizing exploration, commerce, tropical crops, and coastal trading posts rather than full-scale occupation.

To organize the diversity, the Spaniards resorted to an ethnic hierarchy. Related topics are discussed in the articles Latin America, history ofand Latin American literature.

South America

Apr 01,  · The words 'Latin America' are used to describe the group of 21 countries (listed below) in the American continent where Latin languages are spoken. These countries are all located south of the US-Mexico border, starting with Mexico in North America, extending through Central America and Reviews: Abdu Kayumov February 1, Forum I: How has Latin America’s history been shaped by its geography?

Take one time period in history (Pre-Columbian Era to the present) and explain how geography impacted the events of that era. The Latin American economy is an export-based economy consisting of individual countries in the geographical regions of Central America, South America, and the Caribbean.

The socioeconomic patterns of what is now called Latin America were set in the colonial era when the region was controlled by the Spanish and Portuguese empires. History of Latin America, history of the region from the pre-Columbian period and including colonization by the Spanish and Portuguese beginning in the 15th century, the 19th-century wars of independence, and developments to the end of the 20th century.

South America, fourth largest of the world’s is the southern portion of the landmass generally referred to as the New World, the Western Hemisphere, or simply the continent is compact and roughly triangular in shape, being broad in the north and tapering to a point—Cape Horn, Chile—in the south.

This site features in-depth travel information on Latin America; everything from ancient history to where to stay. Geographia - Latin American Destinations These pages introduce our expanded coverage of Central and South America, a region of the world that has long been the stuff of legend in the annals of exploration.

Geographical impact on latin america s history
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Latin American economy - Wikipedia